Sikkim Information

Crucial Information About Sikkim

Some of the Crucial information of Sikkim and probably Gangtok is given below. Also this information is updated regularly for better clarification. Any one who finds anything missing or any Office or Space being added or removed can contact us so that we can update our information accordingly. Also you can visit the Government Official website here.

Quick Facts

Above information is for general use so it will be updated frequently. Any one who have any extra information can pass us those and we will update it on our page if that information is helpful and related to this category.

All the information given above is mainly concentrated in and around Sikkim and its capital Gangtok.

Culture and People

Sikkim’s people are divided into three racial groups: Lepcha, Bhutia, and Nepali. So in Sikkim, communities of various colors openly mix to form a homogeneous blend. Also Buddhist monasteries, churches, mosques, and gurudwaras cohabit with Hindu temples. Lepchas, Bhutias, and Nepalese are the most numerous ethnic groups. Because of all this, the diverse cultures have resulted in a unique Sikkimese culture that includes all walks of life while also retaining their own identity.

The Bhutias, who moved from Tibet’s Kham region in the 14th century, and the Lepchas, who are thought to have migrated from the Far East, are the indigenous Sikkimese. Also Tibetans are mostly concentrated in the state’s north and east. Bengalis, Biharis, and Marwaris are among the migrant citizen groups in South Sikkim and Gangtok.


The state’s recognized languages are English, Nepali, Sikkimese (Bhutia), and Lepcha. For the goal of preserving culture and custom in the province, additional official languages include Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa, and Tamang.

Sikkim’s official language is Nepali, but Sikkimese (Bhutia) and Lepcha are also spoken in some regions. The majority of Sikkim also speaks and understands English. Dzongkha, Groma, Hindi, Majhi, Majhwar, Thulung, Tibetan, and Yakha are among the other dialects.

According to the 2001 census, the main dialects spoken are Nepali (62.61%), Sikkimese (Bhutia) (7.73%), Hindi (6.67%), Lepcha (6.61%), Limbu (6.34%), Sherpa (2.57%), Tamang (1.87%), and Rai (1.64%).

General Information on Sikkim

General Information
Area7096 Sq. Kms.
Total Forest Cover47.34%
State AnimalRed Panda
State BirdBlood Pheasant
State FlowerDendrobium Nobile (Nobile Orchid)
State TreeRhododendron Niveum
Density of Population86 Persons per Sq. Km.
Literacy Rate81.4%

Climate in Sikkim

Sikkim’s physical position, with its altitudinal variance, enables it to have equatorial, temperate, and alpine climates within its 7,096 km2 area.Temperatures range from subtropical in the south to frigid regions in the snow-covered north. Because of its closeness to the Bay of Bengal and direct exposure to the Southern monsoon, it is also the most humid area in the entire Himalayan range. The temperature of Sikkim varies from subtropical in the south to permafrost in the north. The majority of Sikkim’s inhabited areas have a temperate environment, with summer temps rarely surpassing 28 °C (82 °F). The typical annual weather in most of Sikkim is around 18 degrees Celsius (64 degrees Fahrenheit).

Winter – January – March (Average daytime temp. : -5 to 7 ˚C)

The winter season is lovely and ideal for vacations because the entire region is blanketed in snow. Most regions of the state receive snowfall and become engulfed in a dense layer of snow, attracting visitors. Even though it does not snow in November, the weather is pleasant for tourism.Except for the high altitude regions, almost all tourism attractions stay accessible. At this time of year, many events held here, including the Mangan music festival, Maghey Sankranti, Lossong, Losar, and, of course, Gutar Cham, which allows visitors to observe the renowned Cham Dance done by the masked monks in the monasteries. The atmosphere is festive everywhere, including the sidewalks.

Summer – March – April (Average daytime temp. : 5 to 25 ˚C)

Summers in Sikkim are not as hot as they are elsewhere in India. The weather stays nice during this season, making it the ideal time to explore Sikkim for certain areas of the state. During this period, there is also a flower celebration. Summer is balmy and mild, making it an excellent season for hiking in this gorgeous Himalayan country, where you can see blooming rhododendrons and orchids all around. In addition to this adventure activity, summer in Sikkim is perfect for other tourist activities such as mountaineering, kayaking, mountain bicycling, canoeing, river rafting, and hang gliding.In Sikkim, the radiant blooming of rhododendrons and flowers can be enjoyed during the summers. The ideal time to see the abundantly blossoming rhododendrons.

Monsoon – April – December (Average daytime temp. : 4 to 17 ˚C)

Everyone looks forward to the monsoon season. It is the time of year when nature awakens from its profound slumber and rejuvenates. However, the summer in Sikkim takes the shape of constant rain from May to September, with July being the wettest month of the year. Every month, 600-700 millimeters of rain falls here, and the weather ranges between 17 and 22 degrees Celsius.During this season, the cascades become exuberant, enticing eager travelers to visit them. Aside from that, the area transforms into a chirpy paradise for bird watchers. At this time of year, one can even see the strangest avian species.If you visit Sikkim during the monsoon season, don’t miss out on the spring blooming in North Sikkim, Changu Lake, and Kupup.

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